Tobacco, alcohol, poor oral hygiene and poor diet increase the risk of contracting head and neck cancers. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), which can be spread sexually, sometimes can lead to certain head and neck cancers.
Smoking or chewing tobacco increases your risk of head and neck cancer. Giving up tobacco use is really important to avoid this type of cancer.
Poor Oral Hygiene
It is essential to brush teeth and gums daily and visit your dentist at least once a year for a check up. The dentist may detect early signs of mouth cancer.
Poor diet may increase your risk of developing certain types of head and neck cancer. Eating at least five portions of fruit and vegetables a day can help prevent these cancers developing.
HPV (human papilloma virus)
This virus, which can also cause other cancers such as cervical cancer, is passed on through certain sexual practices such as oral sex, but can also be passed on by open mouth kissing. Many people who have this virus never have any problems but younger people need to be aware of symptoms which may require medical attention. They also need to be aware of prevention. HPV vaccination is now available for young people.